The National Symbols

The National Anthem
In the Kingdom of Druk, where cypresses grow,
Refuge of the glorious monastic and civil traditions,
The King of Druk, precious sovereign,
His being is eternal, his reign prosperous,
The enlightenment teachings thrive and flourish,
May the people shine like the sun of peace and happiness!

The National Flag

The National Flag of Bhutan is divided diagonally into equal yellow and orange halves. The division starts from the lower corner of the flag where it is hoisted and runs along the diagonally opposite corner.

The yellow portion lies on the upper part of the diagonal division and it represents the yellow scarf worn by His Majesty, which in turn represents the being of His Majesty, the King. The orange portion lies on the lower part of the flag and it represents the orange scarf worn by the Je Khenpo, the religious head of the country.

The National Flag has a white dragon which spreads equally along the diagonal division towards the upper end. The dragon holdsnorbu(jewel) by its claws.
National Emblem

The national emblem, contained in a circle, is composed of a double diamond thunderbolt placed above a lotus, surmounted by a jewel and framed by two dragons. The double diamond thunderbolt represents the harmony between secular and religious power; which results from the Bhuddist religion on its Vajrayana form. The lotus symbolizes purity; the jewel sovereign power; and the two dragons, male and female, stand for the name of the country-the thunder.

National Dress
Bhutanese men wear gho, which are longish robes tied around the waist by a cloth belt, know as kera. The womens ankle-length dress is known as kira, which is made of bright coloured fine woven fabric with traditional patterns. The women of Bhutan are known for their dark good looks and graceful manner. Their beauty is only enhanced by the intricately woven kiras they wear. Kiras are the national dress for women in Bhutan.

National Game
The national sport of Bhutan is archery. Other traditional sports include digor – a kind of shotput, darts and wrestling. Today, most international sports, such as soccer, basket ball, volleyball, tennis, and table tennis are becoming popular. In Bhutan a game of archery has always been a serious business. Tradition has it that if two villages or districts were to compete in a game of archery, elaborate preparations preceded the actual duel. Astrologers consulted the stars and their books of wisdom to divine the most auspicious day to play the game, including even the most favorable sequence of shooting for their players.

National Language
Over 19 languages and dialects spoken all over the country makes Bhutan a multi-lingual society. The language which was used by the people working in the Dzongs is today the national language. The dzongs or the fortress was the seats of temporal and spiritual leaders. Feeling the need to have a common means of communication, Dzongkha was introduced as the national language of Bhutan.

National Day
The national day of Bhutan marks the crowning of Gongsa Ugyen Wangchuck as the first king of Bhutan, in Punakha Dzong on 17 December 1907. He was elected unanimously by the people of Bhutan for restoring peace and order when he was the Trongsa Penlop, Governor of Trongsa. Thus annually 17th December is marked as the National Day of Bhutan.

National Flower

Blue Poppy (Meconopsis horridula) found on the rocky mountain terrain above the tree line (3500-4500) is the national flower of Bhutan. It is delicate blue or purple tinged blooms with a white filament. It grows to a height of 1 meter. The flower which is liked with myth of a yeti was discovered by a British Botanist in 1933 in remote part of Sakteng

The National Tree
Big cypresses (Cupressus torulosa) found near religions structures in the temperate zone, between 1800 and 3500 metres altitudeis the National Tree of Bhutan. The national tree of Bhutan, Cypress, is associated with religion. Its ability to survive on rugged terrain is compared to bravery and simplicity.
The National Bird
Raven is the national bird of Bhutan. Raven which represents the chief guardian deity of Bhutan Gonpo Jarodongchen (raven headed Mahakala) also ornaments the royal crown.